Standards of Neurodevelopmental Care 

Newborn Individualized Developmental Care and Assessment

Program (NIDCAP)

        Newborn Behavioural Observations (NBO) System and

        Newborn Behavioural Assessment Scale (NBAS)

            Family Integrated Care (FiCARE)

            Australian Association for Infant Mental Health


            Australian NDC related policies and guidelines

                SOCIAL MEDIA 

                VIDEO LINKS

                Be Sweet to Babies - Reducing infant's pain during newborn blood tests. The Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario is a paediatric health and research centre providing outstanding family-centred patient care, pioneering breakthrough research, and training the health care professionals of tomorrow.

                Swaddled bathing.  The NICU uses the swaddled bat The NICU uses the swaddled bath technique. A lovely video created by the Hunter New England Local Health District, John Hunter Children’s Hospital

                Standing transfer. A standing transfer into skin-to-skin care means less handling and stress for baby and increases caregiver confidence. A fantastic video created by the Royal Children’s Hospital, Melbourne.

                NBAS and NBO overview. An informative Baby Communication Webinar by The Brazelton Centre UK introducing the Newborn Behavioural Assessment Scale (NBAS) and Newborn Behavioural Observations (NBO) system.   

                NBO videos. The NBO system is a strengths-based assessment approach to illustrate and develop the parent-infant relationship in the postnatal and neonatal, and in everyday life.  

                NBAS. The NBAS is the most comprehensive neurobehavioural assessment available, mostly used in clinical and research settings. 


                • Developmental Care of Newborns & Infants, 3rd edition, Carole Kenner, Jacqueline M. McGrath
                • Transformative Nursing in the NICU: Trauma-Informed Age-Appropriate Care, Second Edition, Mary E. Coughlin, RN, MS, NNP
                • Understanding Newborn Behavior and Early Relationships: The Newborn Behavioral Observations (NBO) System Handbook,  J. Kevin Nugent, Constance H. Keefer, Susan Minear, Lise Johnson, Yvette Blanchard


                Nicolson, S., Carron, S., & Paul, C. (2022). Supporting early infant relationships and reducing maternal distress with the Newborn Behavioral Observations: A randomized controlled effectiveness trial. Infant Mental Health Journal, 43(3), 455–473.

                Altimier, L. & Phillips, R. (2016). The neonatal integrative developmental care model: Advanced clinical applications of the seven core measures for neuroprotective family-centered developmental care. Newborn and Infant Nursing Reviews, 16(4), 230-244.  

                Phillips, R. (2015). Seven core measures of neuroprotective family-centered developmental care: creating an infrastructure for implementation. Newborn and Infant Nursing Reviews. 15(3).  

                Education opportunities

                NIDCAP FINE Training, NIDCAP Australasia

                Family Integrated Care (FiCare) education tool kit

                Newborn Behavioural Observations (NBO) Training, NBO at The Womens

                Other resources of interest

                Dandle Lion Medical - Archive of free webinars, many of which are concerned with neuro developmental care

                Centre of the Developing Child, Harvard University - Excellent resource to gain knowledge about the science of early childhood, brain architecture, toxic stress and much more. Very innovative in its presentation and fun to use resources such as videos or podcasts

                Zero to Three Organization - a non for-profit organisation concerned with early childhood development

                Infant Positioning Assessment Tool (IPAT) and associated Reliability paper  


                NANT 14: Champions of Neonatal Development, National Association of Neonatal Therapists (NANT)

                April 12 -13, 2024, (Pre-Conference on April 11)
                Sandestin Golf & Beach Resort, Miramar, FL, 2024.

                “The annual NANT Conference is the only one of its kind in the world.

                It serves an international group of neonatal OTs, PTs, and SLPs in order to advance the specialized knowledge and skills required to work in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The conference allows attendees to experience leading-edge presentations on a range of neonatal therapy topics, interact with exhibitors who supply products and services to the field, and network with colleagues from around the globe.”

                World Association for Infant Mental Health (WAIMH) 2024 Congress, Tampere, Finland
                …watch this space…


                Updated 14 August 2023